Follow these tips to keep you and your family warm and well in extremely cold weather. 

  • Draw your curtains at dusk and keep your doors closed to block out draughts.

  • Have regular hot drinks and eat at least one hot meal a day if possible. Eating regularly helps keep energy levels up during winter. 

  • Wear several light layers of warm clothes (rather than one chunky layer). 

  • Keep as active in your home as possible.

  • Wrap up warm and wear shoes with a good grip if you need to go outside on cold days.

Keep your main living room at around 18-21°C (65-70°F). If you can't heat all the rooms you use, heat the living room during the day and the bedroom just before you go to sleep.

Public Health England's cold weather plan has tips on how to protect your health during cold weather.

Make sure you are receiving any benefits you are entitled to such as the Winter Fuel Payment and Cold Weather Payment.

The Met Office has get ready for winter advice and some suggestions for practical things that you can do to prepare for winter weather, including cold, ice and snow, high winds and flooding. The advice also tells you ways of saving money.

Icy pavements and roads can be very slippery. Take extra care if you go out and wear boots or shoes with good grip on the soles. The Met Office advises putting grit or cat litter on paths and driveways to lessen the risk of slipping. It adds that you should wait until the roads have been gritted if you're travelling by car. The Highways Agency offers useful advice for road users on travelling in snow and freezing conditions.

Bear in mind that black ice on pavements or roads might not be clearly visible, and that compacted snow may turn to ice and become slippery.

The Met Office provide the weather forecasts for broadcasts on radio and TV, so listen in to these bulletins regularly to keep up to date with the weather. Severe weather warnings are also issued on the Met Office website, through the Met Office twitter feed, or you can ring the Weather Desk on 0870 900 0100.

Check up on friends, relatives and neighbours who may be more vulnerable to cold weather. Cold weather is especially dangerous for older people or people with serious illnesses, so check up on them if you can. Read how to spot and treat hypothermia.

People with heart or respiratory (breathing) problems may have worse symptoms during a cold spell and for several days after temperatures return to normal.

You can find more information and advice on staying healthy in periods of cold weather in Winter health.